- All ships must be built to keep them afloat, even if one watertight compartment might be flooded
- Specific provisions for fire fighting equipment, life boats, life jackets, and other "life-saving appliances"
- "Carriage requirements" for equipment compatible with the Global Maritime Distress Safety System (GMDSS)
- Cargo carrying rules, including those for dangerous cargos
- Security procedures
- Various rules for nuclear-powered vessels, bulk carriers, and high-speed craft
The master of a ship at sea which is in a position to be able to provideassistance on receiving a signal from any source that persons are in distressat sea, is bound to proceed with all speed to their assistance, if possibleinforming them or the search and rescue service that the ship is doing so.